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observation, allowing for timely healing and prevention,
is indispensable.
The teamconsists of individuals, the players. They should
flourishwithin the teamthrough personal goals. However,
the team requires internal rules that will bind the players
together and help them attain the team’s collective goals.
Personal Goals
Each player should know the place he is likely to fill
within the team, both technically and mentally. This
place should correspond to the player’s natural abilities
so that he can flourish within the team. Personal goals
for growth in specific areas should be set for each player.
Internal Rules
Every team requires a set of internal rules, i.e. the
relatively rigid framework in which it will operate.
Nonetheless, internal rules should leave room for
freedom and provide calm working conditions. The
more a team is tight-knit, the less it will feel the effects
of internal rules. However, insofar as they can help
dispel accusations of unfairness against the coach and
prevent conflicts between the players, internal rules
should be respected at all time.
Organising the Team
The coach should organise his team’s play. He does
so by 1) adequately positioning the team on the court,
2) structuring the team through game systems and 3)
providing the team with collective strategies.
Positioning the Team
As has already been stated, a team need to be balanced
in order to be effective. The positioning of players on the
court should be studied rotation by rotation, according
both to the offensive and defensive positions (respectively
on the opponent’s serve and on the team’s own serve.)
9.1 Team formations and systems
9.2 Offensive tactic
9.3 Defensive tactic
Volleyball is a team sport. The rule forbidding the same
player to hit the ball twice in a rowmakes our sport unique.
A player cannot win a match single-handedly. Except for
the serve, all plays – be they offensive or defensive – are a
combination of several players’ actions. In this case, the
teamconcept takes on all itsmeaning, whether in terms of
technique or mindset. The way players complement one
another is at the root of our sport. This complementary
nature expresses itself in game systems suited to the
team that allow for strategies adapted to all situations.
Planning the Team
Planning the team is a project which should be clearly
defined, discussed, and accepted by all decision makers
after careful thought. The guidelines – types of play,
means available short, mid and long term goals – will
influence the choices made by the coach, who bears the
overall responsibility for the project. He should have his
feet firmly planed on the ground and avoid giving in to
defeatism. To make the right choices, the coach should
analyse every situation with a clear mind.
Once the team has been planned, it is possible to move
to the next phase.
Building the Team
This is the phase in which the project becomes a reality
and where the means required to build the team have
to be set in place.
The team has to be balanced, from the standpoint of
technique as well as mindset. It should be able to rely
on an environment suited to its needs, on appropriate
working conditions, and on players available to reach
the objectives that have been set. Effective medical
Chapter IX
Basic Tactics
by Mr. Phillipe Blain, President of Coaches Commission
Chapter IX -
Basic Tactics
129