For the analysis of the London 2012 Olympic Games we have changed the basic concept for the content of our analyses compared to previous tournaments. The analyses now primarily focus on group and team tactical aspects of the playing mode in attack and blocking. Our intention has been to describe the point winning elements in a more differentiated manner and to illustrate the determining characteristics of actually successful playing concepts with a representative selection of match rallies. Selected matches of the top four teams (BRA/USA/ JPN/KOR) have been the sample for our analyses.
Considering Complex I (First Ball Side Out) the attacking combinations - tempos are in the focus. The typical match sequences have been divided into „setter close to the net“ resp. „setter in the backcourt“ and with respect to the rotations. Within the video clips examples of successful attacking combination following a perfect serve reception are dominating (perfectly coordinated course of the combination). In addition video sequences with planned combinations are presented which because of no perfect serve reception could not be executed as intended (transfer to a limited alternative). An extra category deals with libero actions as part of the serve reception. The participation of the other players in defensive actions can be studied with numerous combination examples.
For transition (Complex II) many successful examples for blocking actions and behavior are presented. Here you find two categories: block with the setter of the opposing team in the back-court and block with the setter of the opposing team close to the net (block pos. 2/3/4). The selected video clips are divided in accordance with the blocking technique (single, double block or block with three players). In the majority of the clips the initial serve of the blocking team has been included to offer additional useful information and orientation on the planned co-operation of the serve with the strategy and tactics in blocking behavior. But it has to be taken into account that the details of tactical considerations within the teams remain subject to speculation for external observers who try to interpret what thye can see. The specific category “serve - variable techniques” offers information and video clips on serve techniques of the players who belonged to the core team of the individual teams to support the complex considerations on the above mentioned analyzing and evaluation aspects for the different teams.
We have divided the attack in Complex II (Transition) into five basic transition situations to illustrate the different aspects of the co-operation between block – defense/covering – set – counter attack. We have included a selection of long rallies as they, in a very impressive way, let us experience the power and dynamics, the emotions and technical-tactical variability of modern performance volleyball with its permanent change between win and loss of initiative.
In the “general impressions” we have summarized selected general results of our observations of the female and male Olympic volleyball tournaments. The “short characterization” chapters present a general team characteristic as a short version focusing on strong features and team specific characteristics of the playing mode. The major intention has been to support the targeted retrieval for video material and to initiate more individual considerations of the coaches watching the videos. Selected personal and performance data (VIS) and thoroughly selected typical match situations characterizing the playing style have formed the basis for basis for this part of our analyses.
DR. BERTHOLD FRÖHNER
FIVB TECHNICAL EVALUATOR