The team was founded in 1949 and until 1991 played as the USSR. That changed to the CIS in 1992 before becoming Russia in 1993.
They have won the Olympic title four times, the World Championship six times, the World Cup and the World Grand Champions Cup once, the World Grand Prix three times and European Championship 17 times.
The team took silver at the 2004 Olympic Games after which a number of changes took place, leading to a great 2006, which was one of the most successful for the Russian team in recent times; they placed second in the World Grand Prix before winning the World Championship.
But they were unable to maintain their form, and after the Olympic Games in 2008, a number of young players were drafted into the team.
The respected Vladimir Kuzyutkin was brought in as coach to guide the team toward the 2012 Olympic Games and the team soon started to improve, taking second place in the 2009 FIVB World Grand Prix.
They went even better in 2010 when they took gold at the World Championship, remaining undefeated in the tournament. Tatiana Kosheleva was named Best Spiker and Ekaterina Gamova was voted MVP.