Pavel Abramov graduated from "Olympus" education centre. His first coach was Peter V. Shevyakov. Abramov also graduated in 2002 from the Geography Faculty of Moscow State University. Abramov's playing career began in 1996 with the MGFSO team that competed in the second league championship in Russia. Pavel Abramov's first big success occcured during the Youth World Championships in 1999, where he overcame all his rivals in attack and service, finished second best receiver and with a gold medal won the MVP award. In 1999 Pavel started to play for "Iskra" (Odintsovo).
In 2001 Abramov made his debut with the Russian national team and "Dynamo" (Moscow), and in 2003 he moved to Japan where he spent two seasons in the V-League "Torey Arrows", before returning to "Iskra".
For the team of Russia Pavel Abramov regularly performed until 2007. He won the bronze medal of the Olympic Games in Athens, was a finalist of the 2002 World Cup, won four medals at the European championships. In the World League 2002, which ended by a victory for the Russian team, Abramov became the winner of two individual awards - best attacker and receiver.
In the summer of 2009, after four seasons with "Iskra", Pavel Abramov signed a contract with the Polish club of "Jastrzebski Wegiel". He thereby became the first player of the Russian national team in the XXI century to leave the Russian championship. The first year spent in Poland was successful for Pavel: he was named the MVP of the Polish Cup, and lost only to the unconditional leader of the Polish volleyball in recent years - "Skra Belchatów", in the clubs championship of Poland.
In 2010 Abramov returned to play with the Russian team.