Dr. Bernd Zimmermann


Technical Evaluation of the World Championships 2006 Japan

(Women and Men)


General Impressions



In general, the Technical Evaluation of the World Championships 2006 (Women and Men) is based on the following thoughts:


The dynamics, the versatility and the level of the development of the game and of the performances are founded on the permanent interaction within the system “Tactics – technique – constitutional conditions – physical-conditional factors of performance – psychic and social factors – rules”.


In this “open” system of the development of the game, various basic positions regarding training (“philosophy of training”, training and load concept, impact of the comprehensive competition calendar) and game organisation (game concept, individual profiles of action and performance) have an effect. Moreover, social influences (commercialization, professionalization, presence of the media) and global developments (information society – multimedia technologies, game control with information systems) play a role.

They have a sustainable influence on the versatility of the general trend in the big ball games, i. e. in volleyball, too, and they themselves undergo continuous modifications.  As regards ranking and strength of their dynamic influence on the development of the game, the individual components alternate.

The Educational-Tool on the website of FIVB is aiming at evaluating this development by means of analyses of the major FIVB events and to illustrate them with the help of rich video material.

With our viewing, we would like to invite to interactive reflection of the documentations that are continuously being recorded and to derive from them   standpoints and encouragement for one’s own volleyball activity.


For the presentation of the video clips, the matrix structures of the documentation of the World League 2005 have been kept basically. The presentation of individual manners of acting has been enlarged with video clips from attacking (C1 and C2, tempo) and court defence – arranged by specific player’s profiles. In today’s volleyball, the progressive technical-tactical development in complex II (transition) enjoys particular attention. Therefore we have selected a specific choice of attacking transitions, distinguished according to the typical situations freeball, covering and backcourt defence-attack.


For the study of the documentation of the 2006 WCh Japan we suggest in principle a comparative consideration with the tool „World League 2005“. Particularly the short texts with the characterizations of the teams offer a great number of volleyball specific recommendations. Surely they are helpful as orientation for targeted video research.


The following current impressions and back ground information are destined to complete the picture of the 2006 WCh and they are to support systematic research within the wide offer more than 300 video clips:


Now and in future, the successful game organization will be even more determined by the combination of the features of power volleyball and the speed-accentuated and varied use of “playful means”.


Therefore, today’s volleyball requires players who are universally trained and command both the offensive and defensive techniques. In view of increasingly equal playing concepts, performance is determined by the level of the individual technical-tactical capacity to act.


Successful teams excel by large competition experience; their personal qualities (absolute readiness to perform, mental robustness) are universally developed and they exploit them to achieve top-performances. The consistency resulting from that is moreover strengthened by some leading players. With their performance (scoring, organisation of play) and charisma (emotional, motivating) they go beyond the team’s level and characterize the image of the team quite specially.


The majority of the players in the match have to realise tactical and strategic tasks, particularly in coordination between setters and attackers in complex I as well as in the tactical adaptation and coordination of the serve and block/defence play in complex II. High efficiency of the first attack after reception is aimed at by perfect quality of action and organisation (showing of combination).


The best teams have several attackers being able to prevail successfully outside the “organised system” (particularly in “defence-attacking transition).


Attack is characterized by multiple hitting techniques, utilized very efficiently against (a more active) block defence which has improved in terms of tactics and has become more flexible in terms of technique.


This variability can be observed both in attack from very different sets (from first tempo to extremely high sets from the court) and in the hits themselves as “smash“, „drive“, „lob“, „fake“ (a standardization of attacking hits, already earlier used in volleyball, borrowed from tennis).


The development of technique and also the qualitative requirements linked with it (precision, minimization of errors) are characterized by a larger differentiation of muscle activation (serving and attack), different variants of spin (top spin, side spin and combined spin in serve) as well as permanently changing requirements regarding accuracy (passing, setting and serving).


During the 2006 WCh Japan, however, major new developments could not be observed. The teams were playing with the elements and systems that have characterized their style over the years. Nevertheless, the development of the game is continuously being characterized by modifications and innovations, enriching the attractive presentation of modern top volleyball.


The different technical evaluations in the Educational Tool are directly linked with the websites of the individual FIVB events.

The following table shows a breakdown of the averages of the top ten women’s teams’ ages and body heights with different references (with libero, without libero etc.). In addition, two charts illustrate the development of the mentioned personal data over a period of nearly 30 years.


We refrain from commenting on these data and leave the analysis and interpretation to the interested users of this tool, according to their individual needs. At the same time we invite to use the broad offer of information (personal data, performance data) on the specific websites for an indepth insight into the current situation and development of world volleyball.