The time from the end of the previous match
to the commencement of the next match.
The time that the ball is legally in play, from the
contact with the ball by the server, to the time of a fault
by either team or when the ball hits the ground.
Replay (Tie ball replay)
When the referee authorizes
a service to be made again with no point or side out
being made to either team. This could be as a result
of simultaneous fault, incorrect decision or external
Legal technique using rigid, closed fingers
in an overhead single hand action to complete an attack
hit. Usually travels a short distance into the opponent’s
player’s equipment for protection of their feet. Usually
used if sand is too hot/cold or player is injured. Requires
the referee’s permission before use.
All players must know and abide by the FIVB
Rules of the Game 2009-2012.
The material composing the court surface. Must
be flat, uniform, and safe for participants and at least 40
centimetres in depth.
The device, which secures the lines,
by use of a cord, to the court, surface (50 centimetres
below the ground minimum). Material must be soft and
The action of preventing the player(s) receiving
serve from having a clear and unobstructed view of the
serving player. A screen is illegal and a screening player
must move if requested to move.
An attempt by a player to conceal the start
of a team-mate’s serve by obstructing an opponent’s line
of sight. Screening is illegal.
The act of putting the ball into play by a player
who hits the ball with her hand or arm.
The order in which players can legally
serve. Recorded on the score sheet after the coin toss
has been made. Must be maintained throughout the
The area in which the player serves
the ball. Bounded by the base (back line), the extension
of the two sidelines and the outside of the free zone
usually delimited by panels).
Two-handed set shot used as dink or deep
Contact of the ball made by
two players at the same instant. This also called a joust.
The play action of jumping and striking the ball
with one hand as an attack hit.
A ball (other than a served ball) hit
forcibly from a height not less than the top of the net.
Also known as bury, crush, hammer, kill, put away or
Technical Time Out
An official 30-second interruption
to the match that occurs in sets 1 and 2 when the sum of
both teams points is 21.
Three Hits Per Side
A team may contact the ball no
more than three times before sending the ball over the
net and into contact with either an opponent or his/her
court. Successive hits or contacts by the same player are
illegal unless the player blocks at the net.
When the ball is dead, a player may
request a time out. Each team will be allowed one,
second time out per set per team. Each time out must
be approved by the officials.
Illegal technique using open fingers (spread
fingertips) to complete an attack hit.
The action of releasing the ball from the player’s
hands in the service zone with the intention of hitting
Warm up Period (Official warm up)
before the match officially allocated for teams to prepare
on the court for the match. Commences at the whistle
signal) of the 1
referee after the signing of the score
Weather condition. Strength should be low
enough to enable normal playing conditions.