Hard Driven Ball
Any spiked ball hit from above or
level with the height of the net may be handled with
double hit by any part of the body, so long as the hit is
the first attempt to play the ball. A spiked ball touching
the net does not disqualify a ball from being ruled hard
Hit Ball
A ball that is clearly hit and does not come to
rest upon contact.
Illegal server
When a player serves contrary to the
service order recorded on the score sheet and advice of
the scorer. The other team gains the right to serve and
a point.
Incidental contact
Contact by a player with an
opponent that did not have an effect on that player’s
ability to complete a subsequent play on the ball freely.
Injury Time Out
minute recovery period) - The
time allowed for the player to recover from an injury.
Controlled by the 2
When a player through physical contact
or threat of contact prevents an opponent from a
potential play on the ball. It may be the next shot or a
subsequent shot.
A classic confrontation above the net featuring
hitter and blocker where the two players simultaneously
contacting the ball with open fingers.
Jump Serve
The action of a serving player, who at the
time of the service is not in contact with the ground. The
action of jumping must commence legally from within
the service zone but on landing may contact any part of
the playing court or free zone.
Line judges
Auxiliary officials responsible for assisting
the referees in determining faults esp. ball “in” “out”
and “touched”. Either 2 or 4 people can be used,
situated at corners of the court.
Match format
The format for FIVB competition is
best of 3 sets, the first 2 being played to 21 (with 2
point advantage) and the 3
set to 15 (with a 2 point
advantage), both with no maximum score.
Momentarily overhand with fingers/beach dig/
beach defence
A playing action (receiving a ball) that
may be legally used if the ball is hard driven. Players are
allowed legally to hold or carry the ball overhand slightly
longer than is usually allowed. The hands must be held
with fingers up, i.e.: not inverted to point downwards.
The piece of equipment consisting of many small
square meshes hung between two posts that separate
the two sides of the court. Dimensions are 8.5 metres x
metre. For men, the net height is 2.43 metres (seven
feet, 11.669 inches) high. For women, the net height is
metres (seven feet, 4.189 inches) high.
Net area
An area immediately below the bottom of
the net between the posts. It consists of the playing
surface and imaginary space above it.
Normal playing conditions
Playing conditions
which are free from external interference from weather
e.g.: wind, rain). Generally based on whether players
can accurately hand set the ball.
Off Hand Side
Right hand player, playing right side.
The ball comes across the body on a set to hit.
Offensive player (attacking player)
The player(s)
from the team who currently have committed the last
contact. The player(s) on the same side of the court as
the ball.
On Hand Side
Right hand player, playing left side. The
ball is in front of a player on a set to hit.
Out of Bounds
The ball is out of bounds when it
touches any surface, object or ground outside the court.
Any part of the ball touching a boundary line or inside
the poles of the net is not out of bounds. If the ball is
caught or is contacted by a player before landing out of
bounds, it is not out of bounds.
Overhand finger action
The playing action of setting
the ball or passing the ball with 2 hands fingers spread,
contacting the ball. It is not legal to carry the ball with
underhand finger action (i.e.: wrists inverted).
Perpendicular trajectory
A ball that travels in a
straight line from the player’s shoulders either forwards
or backwards. The player’s position at the time of first
contact determines the trajectory the ball should legally
Play over
The act of putting the ball in play again
without awarding a point.
If the serving team sends a ball that is not
returned or lands in the receiving team’s court, a point
is an awarded to the serving team. If the receiving team
returns a ball that is not returned or lands in the serving
team’s court, a point is an awarded to the receiving