A served ball that lands within the playing
boundaries, which is untouched by the receiving team
and scores a point.
A served ball that a player on the
receiving team cannot handle or pass cleanly.
A flexible rod, 1.8 metre in length, placed
vertically above the outer edge of the sidelines to mark
the outer limit of the crossing space. The antennae
are placed on opposite sides of the net. The ball must
cross the net completely between the 2 antennae to be
considered “in”. Contrasting 10 centimetres colored
strips are used to 80 centimetres height above net. The
ball is ruled out if it makes contact with the antennae
when in play.
The action of directing the ball into the
opponents’ court. Serving is not considered an attack hit.
Considered completed when the ball completely crosses
the vertical plane of the net or touches a block.
The disturbance or movement of the sand
created on the court surface by the contact of the ball
with the sand. This mark may be checked to determine if
the ball is “in” or “out”.
Ball Mark Protocol
A procedure initiated by the 1
referee for establishing whether the ball has landed in
or out of the court.
The time between the whistle to end
the completion of a rally and the whistle to authorize
the service to start the next rally. Under normal
circumstances this is a maximum of 12 seconds.
An attempt by a player or players to interrupt
the ball before, as or just after it crosses the net.
Technique of playing ball using forearms,
hands together, to direct the ball.
A forearm pass used as a set.
A fault called if the ball comes to rest in the
course of contact by one player.
The action of the 1
referee prior to the
match where he or she requests the captains of each
team to come to an area in front of the scorer’s table.
This process determines the team to serve the starting
side of the court for each team and player service orders.
A contacted ball is one that touches
or is touched by any part of a player’s body or clothing.
The playing surface divided into two equal areas
by a net. In its official form, volleyball is played on a
rectangular court 16 metres (52 feet, 5.921 inches) long
and 8 metres (26 feet, 2.841 inches) wide.
Court Lines (boundary lines)
These lines delimit
the playing area. They are made of resistant material,
contrast in color to the sand and are 5-8 centimetres
wide. The ball must physically contact the line to be
considered as “in”.
Court switches (side changes)
The interval in which
the teams change their sides of the playing court. Occurs
every 7 points (Sets 1 and 2) and 5 points (3
Most often refers to a backing up a
partner’s hit when the block is up and the ball comes
Cross Court/Cut Shot
An offensive hit in which a
player, instead of hitting with power, slices the ball just
over and nearly parallel to the net.
Where a team is unable to commence the
match legally with its players. It forfeits the match and
gains no points.
The distance diagonally
across the corners of the rectangular shaped 16 metres
feet, 5.921 inches) x 8 metres (26 feet, 2.841 inches)
playing court (long) or across from one corner to the
corner immediately under the net (short) of one side of
the playing court 8 metres (26 feet, 2.841 inches) x 8
metres (26 feet, 2.841 inches).
Ball brought up (saved) with any part of
body, particularly from a spike attempt.
Ball played just over net or blocker’s hands,
instead of spiking and is legal as long as it is not with
Extension of sideline
The imaginary line extended
from the two sidelines in a straight line from the
corners until the edge of the free zone. A service must
be completed from within the area delimited by these
A serve that follows an uneven trajectory
floats”) over the net.
The illegal action of a player, who at the
time of serving or jumping to serve, contacts the line
has their foot under the line, or their foot, contacts the