252
KEY RULES
OF THE GAME
Game characteristics
Beach volleyball is a sport played by two teams of two
players each on a sand court divided by a net. Both
players of each team must always be in play. There is no
substitution or replacement of players during a game.
Players
There are two players on each side.
To win a match
The match is won by the team that wins two sets.
In the case of a 1-1 tie, the deciding set (the 3
rd
)
is played
to 15 points with a minimum lead of 2 points.
A set (except the deciding 3
rd
set) is won by the team that
first scores 21 points with a minimum lead of two points.
In the case of a 20-20 tie, play is continued until a two
point lead is reached (22-20, 23-21 etc).
The teams switch after every 7 points (Set 1 and 2) and 5
points (Set 3) played.
To win a rally
Whenever a team fails in its service or fails to return the
ball, or commits any other fault, the opposing team wins
the rally, with one of the following consequences:
––
If the opposing team served, it scores a point and
continues to serve.
––
If the opposing team received the service, it gains the
right to serve and also scores a point.
Coin toss
The first service of a set is executed by the team determined
by the coin toss.
Team hits
Each team is entitled to a maximum of three hits for
returning the ball over the net.
These team hits include not only intentional hits by the
player, but also unintentional contacts with the ball.
Two players may touch the ball at the same moment.When
two team mates touch the ball simultaneously, it is counted
as two hits except at blocking. The ball may touch any part
of the body. The ball must be hit, not caught or thrown. It
can rebound in any direction.
Ball crossing the net
The ball sent to the opponent’s court must go over the net
within the crossing space.
While crossing the net the ball may touch the net.
A ball driven into the net may be recovered within the
limits of the three team hits.
Reaching beyond the net
In blocking, a player may touch the ball beyond the net,
provided that he/she does not interfere with the opponent’s
play, before or during the latter’s attack hit.
A player is permitted to pass his/her hand beyond the net
after his/her attack hit, provided that his/her contact has
been made within his/her own playing space.
A player may enter into the opponent’s space, court and/
or free zone, provided that this does not interfere with the
opponent’s play.
Contact with the net or antenna is not a fault, unless it is
made during the action of playing the ball or inteferes with
play. Incidental contact of the hair is never a fault. (This rule
came into effect in 2007).
Service order
After the first service in a set, the player to serve is
determined as follows:
a) when the serving team wins the rally, the player who
served before, serves again.
b) when the receiving team wins the rally, it gains the right to
serve and the player who did not serve last time will serve.
Screening
The teammate of the server must not prevent either opponent,
through screening, from seeing the server or the path of the
ball. On the opponent’s request, they must move sideways.